APA research paper
The APA style is the official work design style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). It is usually used for quotes from sources in psychology, education, and the social sciences. In other words, it is used in research papers. The foundations of this format were laid in 1929, in an article published in one of the psychological bulletins. These guidelines have been expanded in the American Psychological Association Manual. The requirements of the APA style may seem confusing and complicated, but it will become easier for you when you become familiar with the basic rules.
The style dictates several specific design principles in the text of citations and references. In almost all cases, citations that appear in the apa research paper should be noted in the section with the list of references.
In general, author quotes should be accompanied by a mark indicating the author and the date of publication. In the standard case, the resulting text is:
- … students demonstrate a clear understanding of terms and information (Jones, 2001).
- Johns (2001) found that students demonstrate a clear understanding of terms and information.
If there are several authors (less than 7), all names are listed:
- …more recent studies have found a similar effect (Ross and Hudson, 2004).
- …the results of the study revealed a constant positive correlation between the two variables (Robsen, Hatchkins, Roux and Selanis, 1989).
In the case when there are more than seven authors, only one last name is indicated:
Smith et al. (2005) found that…
Also, an organization or an Internet resource may be indicated as an author.
Making references in the list of references
Before compiling a list of references for your work in psychology, you should check the accuracy of citations and references to books, articles, and other sources. In the list itself, the sources are listed in alphabetical order. First, the surname and initials of the author follow, then the name of the publication and journal, issue number and page:
Smith, L.V. (2000) How to refer to an article in the APA style. APA Format Weekly, 34, 4-10.